Matthew Lloyd is from the UK, but lives in Canada. He has a BA in Literae Humaniores (2008), an MStud in Classical Archaeology (2009), and a DPhil in Archaeology (2014), all from the University of Oxford. His focus is on Early Iron Age Greece, particularly burials with weapons and other evidence for warfare. He has a steadily growing bibliography of works focusing on various aspects of Prehistoric and early Greek history, and can be found most summers working at the British School at Athens to study the excavations at Xeropolis-Lefkandi.
Matthew is a contributing editor to Ancient World Magazine.
Odysseus’ performs many ill-deeds on his twenty-year journey from Ithaca to Troy and back again. In the modern world, we are often enraptured by the details of his journey, but we can also be deeply ambivalent about the complicated man himself.
In the 1980s, excavations in Paroikia, the capital of the Cycladic island Paros, revealed the mass cremation burial of dozens of young men. It is believed to be the earliest Greek polyandrion, a grave for war dead.
Most of the objects recovered in archaeological excavations are broken. Sometimes this breakage is intentional. In Early Iron Age Greece, particularly the tenth and ninth centuries, intentionally destroyed weapons were deposited in burials.