Articles in this category deal with specific topics. Some articles are in-depth commentaries on particular subjects.
Before the rise of the Persian Empire, the kingdom of Lydia was the most powerful neighbour to the ancient Greeks.
Fortifications seem to have had an obvious defensive purpose. But how effective were they in keeping the enemy at bay?
Anthony Snodgrass associated changes in fortifications with the rise of the so-called polis. Does that idea have merit?
Inspired by my postdoctoral research, I wonder whether walls were constructed primarily out of fear of attack.