Joshua Hall holds a PhD in Ancient History from Cardiff University. His research primarily revolves around warfare and social power in ancient Italy before the Roman conquest. Having undertaken doctoral work on the Etruscans and Early Rome, he has began a program of publications which include commentaries on Greek warfare and religion. He is currently finishing a monograph on Carthage and is in the early stages of preparing a book on Etruscan and Italic armies. He lives in Oregon, USA.
Joshua is a contributing editor to Ancient World Magazine.
The Sacred Band of Carthage is a poorly known, yet perennially interesting, military unit. This article was written to address some problematic pieces of online content.
According to the Roman historian Titus Livius, some earlier historians claimed that the Roman fleet participated in the Battle of Fidenae in 426 BC. How can we figure out if this really happened?
The First Punic War was one of the most significant conflicts in Rome’s rise to power. A lynchpin to Carthaginian control over Sicily was the city of Lilybaeum, which never fell to the Romans.
Few buildings have as deep and as interesting a history as the Cathedral of Syracuse, built on the site of an ancient temple of Athena.
It is often assumed that the ancient Greeks practised one type of warfare. This is problematic, as can be illustrated by a quick look at the early history of Tarentum, Southern Italy.
Responsibility for solving food crises often falls to a community’s leaders. Early Rome was no different, and in the first centuries of the Republic suffered from, and solved, the problem of food scarcity.
With headlines again filled with stories of immigrant abuse and immigration in the United States, it is worth taking a look back at one of the most famous “foreigners” from the ancient world: Odysseus.
When the Romans decided to invade Africa in 256 BC to bring an end to their war with Carthage, they supposedly encountered more than just Punic elephants and a cunning Spartan condottiero.
International relations between the West and the Far East date back much further than usually thought and were originally much more benign than modern encounters.
Different types of government use different language. A short treaty from Athens provides an example of this from the ancient world.