Anatolia

The shield of Achilles

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The shield of Achilles

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The description of Achilles’ shield in the Iliad tells us much about what Homer’s views might have been on warfare and violence.

The world of Homer

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The world of Homer

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How do the worlds created by Homer in his epic poems relate to historical and archaeological realities?

The happiness of King Croesus

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The happiness of King Croesus

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If you have everything, are you not the happiest person alive? According to Herodotus, the Athenian statesman and poet Solon disagreed.

Lions in ancient Greece

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Lions in ancient Greece

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Lions play an important part in Greek art and myth. But did these animals really exist on the European continent?

Homer and history

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Homer and history

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Can the Homeric epics be considered historical documents to some extent? If so, for which time period can they be used?

The grief of Achilles

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The grief of Achilles

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Achilles was inconsolable after the brutal death of Patroclus. But what was the precise nature of the Greek champion’s grief?

Asteropaeus

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Asteropaeus

The ambidextrous hero

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The Homeric epics are rife with descriptions of colourful characters, including Asteropaeus, who fought with two swords.

A look at Lydian warfare

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A look at Lydian warfare

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Before the rise of the Persian Empire, the kingdom of Lydia was the most powerful neighbour to the ancient Greeks.

A Western way of war?

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A Western way of war?

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The notion of a typical “Western” way of war, as espoused most clearly by Victor Davis Hanson, is problematic to say the least.