The description of Achilles’ shield in the Iliad tells us much about what Homer’s views might have been on warfare and violence.
How do the worlds created by Homer in his epic poems relate to historical and archaeological realities?
If you have everything, are you not the happiest person alive? According to Herodotus, the Athenian statesman and poet Solon disagreed.
Lions play an important part in Greek art and myth. But did these animals really exist on the European continent?
Can the Homeric epics be considered historical documents to some extent? If so, for which time period can they be used?
Achilles was inconsolable after the brutal death of Patroclus. But what was the precise nature of the Greek champion’s grief?
The Homeric epics are rife with descriptions of colourful characters, including Asteropaeus, who fought with two swords.
Before the rise of the Persian Empire, the kingdom of Lydia was the most powerful neighbour to the ancient Greeks.
The notion of a typical “Western” way of war, as espoused most clearly by Victor Davis Hanson, is problematic to say the least.
Fortifications seem to have had an obvious defensive purpose. But how effective were they in keeping the enemy at bay?