The modern country of Italy corresponds more or less to what was referred to in ancient times as Italia, also referred to by modern commentators as the Italic peninsula. In the north, the region was inhabited by Celts, Ligurians, and other assorted peoples. Etruscans lived in what is today Tuscany.
Actual Italic-speaking peoples lived in Umbria, Marche, Latium, and other regions in the central and southern parts of the peninsula. The Greeks founded important cities in Southern Italy and Sicily from the eighth century BC onwards. The Greek presence became so influential that the Romans would later refer to that area as Magna Graecia or “Great Greece”. In addition, the Carthaginians also founded cities in the western parts of Sicily.
Rome was originally one of many city-states on the Italic peninsula. It managed to slowly seize control of the entire region, subjugating the Etruscans, the other Italic peoples, the Greeks, the Sicilians, and the peoples living in the Po Valley and other territories on the Italic side of the Alps. Rome would slowly engulf the entire Mediterranean and become the largest empire the world had thus far seen.
The Civilization franchise is one of the most popular in PC gaming. It engages deeply with the ancient world. This article looks at three ancient admirals featured in the sixth installment.
From Pompeii comes one of the masterpieces of the ancient world: a mosaic depicting Alexander’s forces defeating those of King Darius III.
According to the Roman historian Titus Livius, some earlier historians claimed that the Roman fleet participated in the Battle of Fidenae in 426 BC. How can we figure out if this really happened?
The centre of Perugia’s upper town features an ancient Etruscan well that dates back to the third century BC and is open to visitors.
The archaeological museum of Perugia without a doubt houses the largest collection of Etruscan objects in Umbria.
The sculpture group of Laocoön and His Sons, on display in the Vatican since its rediscovery in 1506, is one of the most famous and fascinating statues of antiquity.
The archaeological museum of the Umbrian town of Spoleto is right next to a restored Roman theatre that continues to be used for shows.
Located partially beneath Spoleto’s town hall are the remains of a Roman house dated to the first century of our era.
The small archaeological collection of the Duomo in Gubbio, Umbria, features a small terracotta figurine of a donkey, the most common pack animal of the ancient world.
The waterfall at Marmore, located in Umbria, is the tallest man-made waterfall in the world. It was created by the Romans.