The modern country of Italy corresponds more or less to what was referred to in ancient times as Italia, also referred to by modern commentators as the Italic peninsula. In the north, the region was inhabited by Celts, Ligurians, and other assorted peoples. Etruscans lived in what is today Tuscany.
Actual Italic-speaking peoples lived in Umbria, Marche, Latium, and other regions in the central and southern parts of the peninsula. The Greeks founded important cities in Southern Italy and Sicily from the eighth century BC onwards. The Greek presence became so influential that the Romans would later refer to that area as Magna Graecia or “Great Greece”. In addition, the Carthaginians also founded cities in the western parts of Sicily.
Rome was originally one of many city-states on the Italic peninsula. It managed to slowly seize control of the entire region, subjugating the Etruscans, the other Italic peoples, the Greeks, the Sicilians, and the peoples living in the Po Valley and other territories on the Italic side of the Alps. Rome would slowly engulf the entire Mediterranean and become the largest empire the world had thus far seen.
A small, but richly decorated house in Herculaneum, features a mosaic depicting the sea-god Neptune and his wife.
Marcus Tullius Cicero was a famous politician and lawyer, whose life was cut short when he was killed at the order of Mark Antony.
Any book that attempts to understand Early Rome is fraught with difficulty; some sink while others float. Thomas Dynneson’s work may be found somewhere in between.
Greek shields from at least the later eighth century BC onwards were often decorated with abstract or figurative blazons.
Near Orvieto, in the Italian region of Umbria, there are the remains of an Etruscan necropolis that dates to the sixth century BC. The site is today known as Crocifisso del tufo.
The learned people of Renaissance Europe looked to the Classics for inspiration. They cited ancient authors in day-to-day correspondence and in their own treatises.
The Civilization franchise is one of the most popular in PC gaming. It engages deeply with the ancient world. This article looks at three ancient admirals featured in the sixth instalment.
From Pompeii comes one of the masterpieces of the ancient world: a mosaic depicting Alexander’s forces defeating those of King Darius III.
According to the Roman historian Titus Livius, some earlier historians claimed that the Roman fleet participated in the Battle of Fidenae in 426 BC. How can we figure out if this really happened?
The centre of Perugia’s upper town features an ancient Etruscan well that dates back to the third century BC and is open to visitors.