The modern country of Italy corresponds more or less to what was referred to in ancient times as Italia, also referred to by modern commentators as the Italic peninsula. In the north, the region was inhabited by Celts, Ligurians, and other assorted peoples. Etruscans lived in what is today Tuscany.
Actual Italic-speaking peoples lived in Umbria, Marche, Latium, and other regions in the central and southern parts of the peninsula. The Greeks founded important cities in Southern Italy and Sicily from the eighth century BC onwards. The Greek presence became so influential that the Romans would later refer to that area as Magna Graecia or “Great Greece”. In addition, the Carthaginians also founded cities in the western parts of Sicily.
Rome was originally one of many city-states on the Italic peninsula. It managed to slowly seize control of the entire region, subjugating the Etruscans, the other Italic peoples, the Greeks, the Sicilians, and the peoples living in the Po Valley and other territories on the Italic side of the Alps. Rome would slowly engulf the entire Mediterranean and become the largest empire the world had thus far seen.
Jason Morris reviews Seth Bernard’s Building Mid-Republican Rome: Labor, Architecture, and the Urban Economy, published in 2018.
War drives society to the limits of civility. This is beautifully illustrated in a surviving fragment of the Annals of Ennius.
Experts Stephanie Craven and Hannah Ringheim join regular team members Joshua Hall and Josho Brouwers to talk about mercenaries.
Located at the edge of a tall cliff on the island of Capri is the large villa once owned by the reclusive Roman emperor Tiberius (r. AD 14-37).
About 18 kilometres west from Naples is the archaeological site of Cuma, which in antiquity was the home of the Cumaean sibyl (oracle).
A life-size statue in Naples is described as “Fortuna-Isis restored as the younger Faustina in the clothes of Ceres.” What does that mean?
In classical architecture, we recognize five orders: Tuscan, Doric, Ionic, Corinthian, and composite. What is this classification based on?
A round shield, with a double grip, swept the Mediterranean by storm. But why did this happen?
Academic publishing is a pricey industry for consumers, which is why it is nice to find a collection of books well-worth their price.
The Etruscans were reputed to be tenacious pirates. Is this reputation deserved? The answer requires a look at the ancient sources.