Mesopotamia

Wine culture in the Hellenistic Mediterranean

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Wine culture in the Hellenistic Mediterranean

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What is true now was true in antiquity, too: wine is always good business. Tracing Mediterranean wine culture, this article focuses especially on the last three centuries BC.

Amastris

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Amastris

The first Hellenistic queen

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The little known wife of the Successor King Lysimachus, Amastris, is arguably the first true Hellenistic queen as she embodies the entanglement of Persian and Greco-Macedonian traditions.

Evolution of Sumerian kingship

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Evolution of Sumerian kingship

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According to the Sumerian King List, kingship was already in the third millennium BC an ancient institution. But is this correct? Where and how did Sumerian kingship originate?

Royal Game of Ur

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Royal Game of Ur

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Two gameboards from the Royal Tombs of Ur, a Sumerian city-state in what is now Iraq, date back to 2600–2400 BC.

Stele of the Vultures

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Stele of the Vultures

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This ancient stele, dated to between ca. 2600 and 2350 BC, is a key piece of evidence in the history of warfare.