Many scholars have created readily accessible online resources to aid both their colleagues and the general public to better understand the Greeks, the Romans, and many other cultures of Classical antiquity. Here is a list in alphabetical order of some of these websites.
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This website by the University of Oxford offers a selection of nearly 400 literary compositions from ancient Mesopotamia (modern Iraq), which date to the late third and early second millennia BC. It offers transliterations, as well as English prose translations.
The Encyclopædia Iranica is a comprehensive website that deals with the study of Iranian civilization from the Middle East and the Caucasus to Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent.
This website offers a selection of Latin texts in translation.
An “experimental” site with the aim to provide “visual references to all major Hittite monuments”. Has a convenient map on the homepage.
Bill Thayer’s website features more than fifty Greek and Latin texts with English translation, including works by Cicero, Manetho, Plutarch and Strabo.
The Lexicon of Greek Personal Names aims to collect all ancient Greek names used for individuals across all periods of Greek history. There are seven volumes in total (numbered I through V, with III and V divided into A and B) featuring thousands of names. Fortunately, there’s an option to search for specific names, and the volume in which the names are given should provide you with an idea of the regions in which the name was current. Also contains useful background information on Greek personal names.
The website Loebolus offers scans of old titles from the Loeb Classical Library, which are no longer protected by copyright, as PDFs.
Per the home page: “The Melammu Project investigates the continuity, transformation and diffusion of Mesopotamian and Ancient Near Eastern culture from the third millennium BCE through the ancient world until Islamic times. It has two main activities: to organize conferences, and to provide resources relevant to the project on its website.”
As per the website, “Nestor is an international bibliography of Aegean studies, Homeric society, Indo-European linguistics, and related fields. It is published monthly from September to May (each volume covers one calendar year) by the Department of Classics, University of Cincinnati.” Essential for anyone interested in the Bronze-Age Aegean.
Stanford University’s Orbis Project offers a geospatial model of the Roman Empire. Among other things, you can calculate how long it takes to travel from one point to another (on foot, using an ox cart or a horse, and so on), with different results depending on the season and so on.