In the history of ancient Greece, the Archaic period is usually dated to between ca. 800 and 500 BC. Often, the date is extended down to around 480 BC Some authors hold that the Archaic period proper starts with the first supposedly historic event, the Olympic Games of 776 BC. Others have the Archaic period start at around 700 BC.
Anthony Snodgrass associated changes in Greek fortifications over the course of the Archaic period with the rise of the polis, i.e. the “city-state”. Does that idea have merit?
Inspired by my postdoctoral research, I wonder whether the ancient Greeks built walls around (part of) their settlements primarily out of fear of attack.