Ancient Egypt

With a history stretching back to before 3000 BC, you cannot study the ancient world without taking Egypt into account. Ancient Egyptian history is divided into a number of periods in which the realm was united under a single monarch (e.g. the Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, and New Kingdom), divided by so-called “Intermediate Periods” during which the country was politically divided.

The Egyptian sphinx

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The Egyptian sphinx

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In ancient Egypt, the sphinx was a mythical creature associated with kings, as well as divinities (in particular the sun god).