Ancient Greece

In the ancient world, the Greek world encompassed a far larger area than that currently occupied by the modern country of Greece. In the first half of the first millennium BC, they spread to the western coast of Asia Minor, Southern Italy, Sicily, Spain, southern France, and the coast of the Black Sea. By the fourth century BC, the Athenian philosopher Plato was able to state that the Greeks had spread around the Mediterranean Sea “like frogs around a pond” (Phaedo 109b).

The Homeric Hymn to Ares

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The Homeric Hymn to Ares

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The “Homeric Hymns” are a collection of ancient Greek hymns celebrating individual gods. Let’s read Hymn 8, dedicated to Ares.

Ancient Greek heroes at play

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Ancient Greek heroes at play

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On a black-figure amphora by Exekias, the Greek heroes Achilles and Ajax are shown playing a game to while away the hours at Troy.

Wine culture in the Hellenistic Mediterranean

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Wine culture in the Hellenistic Mediterranean

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What is true now was true in antiquity, too: wine is always good business. Tracing Mediterranean wine culture, this article focuses especially on the last three centuries BC.