In the ancient world, the Greek world encompassed a far larger area than that currently occupied by the modern country of Greece. In the first half of the first millennium BC, they spread to the western coast of Asia Minor, Southern Italy, Sicily, Spain, southern France, and the coast of the Black Sea. By the fourth century BC, the Athenian philosopher Plato was able to state that the Greeks had spread around the Mediterranean Sea “like frogs around a pond” (Phaedo 109b).
The description of Achilles’ shield in the Iliad tells us much about what Homer’s views might have been on warfare and violence.
The so-called Archaeology by Thucydides offers the famed ancient Greek historian’s view of his people’s early history.
The ancient concept of “aristocracy” was quite different from how we, in our post-medieval world, would perhaps define it.
Were the ancient Greek Titans really gigantic? No, they weren’t. But let’s explore where this idea came from in the first place.
A funny statue of Hercules in an exhibition on Carthage depicts him as a drunk relieving himself.
A beautiful Laconian cup depicts Arcesilaus II, the King of Cyrene, overseeing the weighing and loading of goods.
Water clocks were a common method of telling time in the ancient world; in addition, they served as timers.
There are many portraits of the Athenian philosopher Socrates. But do these accurately reflect what he might have looked like?
Did the ancient Greeks actually believe in their own myths?
Some comments inspired by a few years’ worth of experience teaching Greek mythology to broad audiences.