Ancient Greece

“Greece” covers both the Bronze Age Aegean, with the Cycladic, Minoan, Helladic, and Mycenaen cultures, as well as the Greek world of the first millennium BC, when Greeks settled beyond the Aegean basin, in Southern Italy, Sicily, Spain, southern France, and the coast of the Black Sea. By the fourth century BC, the Athenian philosopher Plato was able to state that the Greeks had spread around the Mediterranean Sea “like frogs around a pond” (Phaedo 109b).

The aspis

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The aspis

A global shield

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A round shield, with a double grip, swept the Mediterranean by storm. But why did this happen?

Crouching Aphrodite

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Crouching Aphrodite

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Sculptures featuring the goddess Aphrodite (Venus) crouching were popular in the Graeco-Roman world. Why would that be?

Names of ancient Greek ships

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Names of ancient Greek ships

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Did the ancient Greeks name their ships? The answer to that is yes. And with rare exception, the ships were given female names.