In the ancient world, the Greek world encompassed a far larger area than that currently occupied by the modern country of Greece. In the first half of the first millennium BC, they spread to the western coast of Asia Minor, Southern Italy, Sicily, Spain, southern France, and the coast of the Black Sea. By the fourth century BC, the Athenian philosopher Plato was able to state that the Greeks had spread around the Mediterranean Sea “like frogs around a pond” (Phaedo 109b).
The Homeric Hymns give us some of our earliest information about Dionysus, the ancient Greek god of wine and revelry.
Throughout the centuries, the acropolis of Ialysos has been the site of a number of religious buildings. Let’s take a look at these structures.
The “Homeric Hymns” are a collection of ancient Greek hymns celebrating individual gods. Let’s read Hymn 8, dedicated to Ares.
Having decreased the Athenians’ hold over the Megarid, it’s time for one final push to get them out and secure the region for the Spartans.
“Hoplites” of the seventh century BC were “men of bronze”. A few centuries later, they had shed most of their armour, as a marble lekythos in Leiden shows.
On the loading screens, the game presents you with randomized “hints”, including historical tidbits. Let’s look at those for a moment.
After sailing away from Cephalonia, our first stop on the mainland is the city of Megara, oddly referred to as “Megaris” in the game.
On a black-figure amphora by Exekias, the Greek heroes Achilles and Ajax are shown playing a game to while away the hours at Troy.
Continuing our adventure, we explore the island of Cephalonia. Comments on ancient Greek mercenaries, clothing, architecture, and more.
What is true now was true in antiquity, too: wine is always good business. Tracing Mediterranean wine culture, this article focuses especially on the last three centuries BC.