Ancient Greece

“Greece” covers both the Bronze Age Aegean, with the Cycladic, Minoan, Helladic, and Mycenaen cultures, as well as the Greek world of the first millennium BC, when Greeks settled beyond the Aegean basin, in Southern Italy, Sicily, Spain, southern France, and the coast of the Black Sea. By the fourth century BC, the Athenian philosopher Plato was able to state that the Greeks had spread around the Mediterranean Sea “like frogs around a pond” (Phaedo 109b).

The Spartans at war

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The Spartans at war

Myth vs reality

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Were the Spartans really so great in war? What are the roots of their image as invincible super-soldiers? A deep dive into their history and institutions shows that there is some truth, but also a great deal of distortion.