Ancient Greece

“Greece” covers both the Bronze Age Aegean, with the Cycladic, Minoan, Helladic, and Mycenaen cultures, as well as the Greek world of the first millennium BC, when Greeks settled beyond the Aegean basin, in Southern Italy, Sicily, Spain, southern France, and the coast of the Black Sea. By the fourth century BC, the Athenian philosopher Plato was able to state that the Greeks had spread around the Mediterranean Sea “like frogs around a pond” (Phaedo 109b).

Ancient Greek heroes at play

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Ancient Greek heroes at play

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On a black-figure amphora by Exekias, the Greek heroes Achilles and Ajax are shown playing a game to while away the hours at Troy.

Wine culture in the Hellenistic Mediterranean

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Wine culture in the Hellenistic Mediterranean

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What is true now was true in antiquity, too: wine is always good business. Tracing Mediterranean wine culture, this article focuses especially on the last three centuries BC.

Ancient Greek shield blazons

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Ancient Greek shield blazons

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Greek shields from at least the later eighth century BC onwards were often decorated with abstract or figurative blazons.