In the ancient world, the Greek world encompassed a far larger area than that currently occupied by the modern country of Greece. In the first half of the first millennium BC, they spread to the western coast of Asia Minor, Southern Italy, Sicily, Spain, southern France, and the coast of the Black Sea. By the fourth century BC, the Athenian philosopher Plato was able to state that the Greeks had spread around the Mediterranean Sea “like frogs around a pond” (Phaedo 109b).
In the 1980s, excavations in Paroikia, the capital of the Cycladic island Paros, revealed the mass cremation burial of dozens of young men. It is believed to be the earliest Greek polyandrion, a grave for war dead.
In this article, we explore two important concepts of the warrior ethos that was at the heart of ancient Greek culture.
Some material in a doctoral thesis never makes the final cut, but can instead be turned into articles. An example is a peer-reviewed article that I wrote about romantic love in the Homeric epics.
Artists of the (early) modern era have helped shape our ideas about what the ancient world looked like. One of them was the Italian painter Giovanni Battista Tiepolo.
Roel Konijnendijk, Matthew Lloyd, and Josho Brouwers talk about the sword-and-sandal film Troy (2004).
Miller’s debut novel, which won the Orange Prize for Fiction in 2012, teases out the subtext in Achilles and Patroclus’ relationship to craft a compelling love story.
Conventional wisdom regards nudity in Greek art as a “heroizing” element. But the reality is, of course, a bit more complex.
The Trojan hero Aeneas, made famous by Virgil’s epic poem, has been the subject of ancient texts and art going as far back as Homer.
The sculptor Pheidias, responsible for the reliefs of the Parthenon in Athens, may have been inspired by the Siphnian Treasury in Delphi.
Most of the objects recovered in archaeological excavations are broken. Sometimes this breakage is intentional. In Early Iron Age Greece, particularly the tenth and ninth centuries, intentionally destroyed weapons were deposited in burials.