According to tradition, the city of Rome was founded on 21 April, 753 BC. This city-state in the centre of Italy would grow and flourish over the course of the next millennium, eventually turning into an empire that encompassed not just the whole of Italy, but the entire Mediterranean and vast stretches of land beyond.
The Ara Pacis Augustae is the physical expression of the peace and prosperity brought about by the establishment of the Principate.
When the Romans decided to invade Africa in 256 BC to bring an end to their war with Carthage, they supposedly encountered more than just Punic elephants and a cunning Spartan condottiero.
Does this graphical update of Age of Empires make the game feel as fresh as it did in 1997 or does it come off as a relic of a bygone age?
A large fragment of a marble Roman sarcophagus portrays the deceased as a generally fortunate man who had been happily married.
Underneath the church San Lorenzo Maggiore in Naples are the impressive remains of an ancient Roman macellum or market building.
In countries like Italy, the ancient world is everywhere. Take, for example, the Italian village of Palinuro, named after the Trojan Palinurus.
International relations between the West and the Far East date back much further than usually thought and were originally much more benign than modern encounters.
The entanglement of Graeco-Roman and Indian Buddhist culture is well reflected in Gandharan art dating to the early centuries of our era.
The Gemma Augustea, a beautiful piece of Roman art, reveals Augustus’ imperial ambitions and was therefore kept out of the public eye.
Scholarship has tended to downplay the promiscuity of Etruscan women as described by Greek sources. But with evolving modern sexual sensibilities, perhaps a different approach is required.