According to tradition, the city of Rome was founded on 21 April, 753 BC. This city-state in the centre of Italy would grow and flourish over the course of the next millennium, eventually turning into an empire that encompassed not just the whole of Italy, but the entire Mediterranean and vast stretches of land beyond.
In countries like Italy, the ancient world is everywhere. Take, for example, the Italian village of Palinuro, named after the Trojan Palinurus.
International relations between the West and the Far East date back much further than usually thought and were originally much more benign than modern encounters.
The entanglement of Graeco-Roman and Indian Buddhist culture is well reflected in Gandharan art dating to the early centuries of our era.
The Gemma Augustea, a beautiful piece of Roman art, reveals Augustus’ imperial ambitions and was therefore kept out of the public eye.
Scholarship has tended to downplay the promiscuity of Etruscan women as described by Greek sources. But with evolving modern sexual sensibilities, perhaps a different approach is required.
A reference to the Salii as “jumping priests of Mars” leads me to wonder: who were these Roman priests and why did they jump?
During the Early Iron Age, the peoples of Central Italy sometimes placed the ashes of the dead in urns modelled after huts or houses.
A beautiful fresco from Pompeii depicts a scene straight from Virgil’s Aeneid: Aeneas being treated for a leg wound.
In Greek and Roman mythology, what is the difference between satyrs, sileni, and fauns, who all possessed animal characteristics?
An unusual coin shows the power of images as Julian the Apostate clashes with the unruly people of Antioch.