According to tradition, the city of Rome was founded on 21 April, 753 BC. This city-state in the centre of Italy would grow and flourish over the course of the next millennium, eventually turning into an empire that encompassed not just the whole of Italy, but the entire Mediterranean and vast stretches of land beyond.
We take a closer look at a realistic portrait of a Roman Republican couple from ca. 30 BC, identified as Publius Aiedius Amphio and his wife.
Seneca, a proponent of Roman Stoicism, calmly committed suicide when ordered to do so by Emperor Nero.
Artists of the (early) modern era have helped shape our ideas about what the ancient world looked like. One of them was the Italian painter Giovanni Battista Tiepolo.
The Trojan hero Aeneas, made famous by Virgil’s epic poem, has been the subject of ancient texts and art going as far back as Homer.
Ursula K. Le Guin (1929-2018) was inspired by a myriad of different world cultures. In her twentieth novel, Lavinia, she took as inspiration Virgil’s epic poem the Aeneid.
The tomb of the Roman poet Virgil (70–19 BC) is located in Naples. Today, the tomb forms the centre of a park created in Virgil’s honour.
The Roman statue known as the “Augustus of Prima Porta” is a remarkably powerful piece of Early Imperial “propaganda”.
We have not one, but two eye-witnesses to the AD 79 eruption of Vesuvius: Pliny the Younger and his uncle, Pliny the Elder.
The Verae Historiae (“True Histories”) by Lucian of Samosata is widely considered the world’s oldest known work of science fiction.
Modern museums more and more emphasize the fact that the statues of the ancient world were originally painted in vivid colours.