According to tradition, the city of Rome was founded on 21 April, 753 BC. This city-state in the centre of Italy would grow and flourish over the course of the next millennium, eventually turning into an empire that encompassed not just the whole of Italy, but the entire Mediterranean and vast stretches of land beyond.
During the Early Iron Age, the peoples of Central Italy sometimes placed the ashes of the dead in urns modelled after huts or houses.
A beautiful fresco from Pompeii depicts a scene straight from Virgil’s Aeneid: Aeneas being treated for a leg wound.
In Greek and Roman mythology, what is the difference between satyrs, sileni, and fauns, who all possessed animal characteristics?
An unusual coin shows the power of images as Julian the Apostate clashes with the unruly people of Antioch.
We take a closer look at a realistic portrait of a Roman Republican couple from ca. 30 BC, identified as Publius Aiedius Amphio and his wife.
Seneca, a proponent of Roman Stoicism, calmly committed suicide when ordered to do so by Emperor Nero.
Artists of the (early) modern era have helped shape our ideas about what the ancient world looked like. One of them was the Italian painter Giovanni Battista Tiepolo.
The Trojan hero Aeneas, made famous by Virgil’s epic poem, has been the subject of ancient texts and art going as far back as Homer.
Ursula K. Le Guin (1929-2018) was inspired by a myriad of different world cultures. In her twentieth novel, Lavinia, she took as inspiration Virgil’s epic poem the Aeneid.
The tomb of the Roman poet Virgil (70–19 BC) is located in Naples. Today, the tomb forms the centre of a park created in Virgil’s honour.