Sumeria

Nestled in between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates, the Sumerians are thought to have developed the earliest cities and system of writing (cuneiform). The Sumerians can thus lay claim to being one of the oldest civilizations in the world, alongside ancient Egypt and the Indus Valley.

Evolution of Sumerian kingship

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Evolution of Sumerian kingship

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According to the Sumerian King List, kingship was already in the third millennium BC an ancient institution. But is this correct? Where and how did Sumerian kingship originate?

Royal Game of Ur

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Royal Game of Ur

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Two gameboards from the Royal Tombs of Ur, a Sumerian city-state in what is now Iraq, date back to 2600–2400 BC.

Stele of the Vultures

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Stele of the Vultures

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This ancient stele, dated to between ca. 2600 and 2350 BC, is a key piece of evidence in the history of warfare.

Ancient Inventions (1994)

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Ancient Inventions (1994)

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Ancient Inventions offers a broad and fascinating look at human ingenuity across thousands of years of history.