A poet who lived in the Boeotian town of Ascra around 700 BC, making him more or less contemporaneous with Homer. Hesiod composed two long poems, the Theogony and Works and Days. In antiquity, other poems were ascribed to him, but their authenticity is doubted: they are generally considered to have been created by later poets. An important example of these later poems is the fragmentary Catalogue of Women (ca. sixth century BC).
Shortly after he had overthrown the Titans, Zeus was challenged by a monstrous creature: Typhon. The offspring of Gaia and Tartaros, Typhon was a monster with reptilian characteristics and the ability to breathe fire.
The ancient Greek stories about gods and heroes are set in a time long ago. Did the ancient Greeks believe that their tales were set during the period that we today refer to as the Bronze Age? The answer is no, but this requires some qualification.
The stories of the ancient Greeks are a mess, as this look at (the various people called) Pallas demonstrates. We should embrace the chaos.
It’s the end of the year. You might think the world is awful and getting worse. But that isn’t the case. In fact, it’s great and only getting better.
The earliest known text about one of Heracles’ adventures is the so-called Shield of Heracles, attributed to Hesiod.