Following the assault of the Capitol Building in Washington DC last week, comparisons with past events have been made that are generally facile and fruitless. Instead, we should seek to explain how violence worked in the past to understand and change the present.
J.R.R. Tolkien described The Lord of the Rings as a fundamentally Catholic work. But a close reading of the epic novel reveals many more influences, including a connection between Mithras and the wizard Gandalf, whose Elvish name is Mithrandir.
In network analysis, the shape of the network that you build, as well as what your graph looks like, and in general the results of the analysis, all depend on the matrix. Therefore, the way you structure the matrix is important.
Sparta’s perennial appeal to readers is shown by the sheer number of publications focused on this polis. Dr Andrew Bayliss has written the most recent monograph on the subject, offering an up-to-date introduction to the Spartan scholarship.
In this second article in a series on the chronology of Early Iron Age Greece, Matthew looks at the different ways in which archaeologists and historians ascribe absolute or calendar dates to the relative chronology discussed in Part I.