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Ancient World Magazine

We are a group of ancient historians and archaeologists who are passionate about the past. Our mission is to share engaging and well-researched information about the ancient world with our readers.

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Mithra-ndir

Mithra-ndir

Gandalf and the Roman cult of Mithras

J.R.R. Tolkien described The Lord of the Rings as a fundamentally Catholic work. But a close reading of the epic novel reveals many more influences, including a connection between Mithras and the wizard Gandalf, whose Elvish name is Mithrandir.

Written by Alicia Matz

Trial of Socrates

Trial of Socrates

In 399 BC, the philosopher Socrates was sentenced to die by drinking hemlock. But why did the Athenians decide to punish the famed philosopher so severely?

Written by Lauren E. Dorsey

The Spartans

The Spartans

A review of a book by Andrew J. Bayliss

Sparta’s perennial appeal to readers is shown by the sheer number of publications focused on this polis. Dr Andrew Bayliss has written the most recent monograph on the subject, offering an up-to-date introduction to the Spartan scholarship.

Written by Owen Rees