Located not far from Naples are the impressive remains of the villa that once belonged to Nero’s wife, Poppaea Sabina.
Fortifications seem to have had an obvious defensive purpose. But how effective were they in keeping the enemy at bay?
Anthony Snodgrass associated changes in fortifications with the rise of the so-called polis. Does that idea have merit?
Inspired by my postdoctoral research, I wonder whether walls were constructed primarily out of fear of attack.