One of the most impressive structures of ancient Rome, the Pantheon was a temple dedicated to all the gods. The main room consisted of a large cylindrical drum topped by a dome, with a central hole or oculus allowing for light and air – and rain! – to pass through.
Military disasters were fairly rare in the Roman world – at least, according to the historical record. But when they happened, they happened with a vengeance – and could permanently destroy the reputation of those involved, even if their actions were not actually to blame.
Located at the edge of a tall cliff on the island of Capri is the large villa once owned by the reclusive Roman emperor Tiberius (r. AD 14-37).
About 18 kilometres west from Naples is the archaeological site of Cuma, which in antiquity was the home of the Cumaean sibyl (oracle).
The Maison Carrée (“Square House”) in the French city of Nîmes is considered the best preserved temple of the Roman world.
The Ara Pacis Augustae is the physical expression of the peace and prosperity brought about by the establishment of the Principate.
The Gemma Augustea, a beautiful piece of Roman art, reveals Augustus’ imperial ambitions and was therefore kept out of the public eye.
The Roman statue known as the “Augustus of Prima Porta” is a remarkably powerful piece of Early Imperial “propaganda”.