How do the worlds created by Homer in his epic poems relate to historical and archaeological realities?
Can the Homeric epics be considered historical documents to some extent? If so, for which time period can they be used?
Fortifications such as walls and gates seem to have had an obvious defensive purpose. But how effective were they in keeping the enemy at bay?
Anthony Snodgrass associated changes in Greek fortifications over the course of the Archaic period with the rise of the polis, i.e. the “city-state”. Does that idea have merit?
Inspired by my postdoctoral research, I wonder whether the ancient Greeks built walls around (part of) their settlements primarily out of fear of attack.