The Etruscans were an ancient people living in what are today the Italian regions of Tuscany, western Umbria, and northern Lazio. They had their own language, attested in inscriptions from ca. 700 BC onwards. They were assimilated by the Roman Republic from the fourth century BC onwards.
A jug made in Corinth but unearthed in an Etruscan tomb features an image that has been widely interpreted as representing hoplites fighting in phalanx formation. But a closer examination of this artefact casts serious doubts on this view.
A naval battle off the Italiote Greek city of Cumae in 474 BC resonated across the Mediterranean. Not necessarily for its importance, but because the victor used it as a key element in his propaganda campaign.
A round shield, with a double grip, swept the Mediterranean by storm. But why did this happen?
The Etruscans were reputed to be tenacious pirates. Is this reputation deserved? The answer requires a look at the ancient sources.
One of the most dynamic heroes of the Trojan Cycle is Aeneas, whose depiction can be found throughout Italy before Rome usurped him as a national icon.
The early history of Rome is dominated by its rivalry with the Etruscan city of Veii, just up the Tiber. Until now, Anglophone readers had few resources to explore the latter’s story.
Few Greek vases have spawned as much discussion as one found in Cerveteri and dating to the seventh century BC.
Near Orvieto, in the Italian region of Umbria, there are the remains of an Etruscan necropolis that dates to the sixth century BC. The site is today known as Crocifisso del tufo.
The centre of Perugia’s upper town features an ancient Etruscan well that dates back to the third century BC and is open to visitors.
The archaeological museum of Perugia without a doubt houses the largest collection of Etruscan objects in Umbria.