Matthew Lloyd is from the UK, but lives in Canada. He has a BA in Literae Humaniores (2008), an MStud in Classical Archaeology (2009), and a DPhil in Archaeology (2014), all from the University of Oxford. His focus is on Early Iron Age Greece, particularly burials with weapons and other evidence for warfare. He has a steadily growing bibliography of works focusing on various aspects of Prehistoric and early Greek history, and can be found most summers working at the British School at Athens to study the excavations at Xeropolis-Lefkandi.
Matthew is a contributing editor to Ancient World Magazine.
Following the action of the Iliad, the Trojan War continued in the Aithiopis, a lost epic in which Achilles fought and killed the Amazon Penthesileia and Memnon, king of the Ethiopians, before dying himself at the hands of the Trojan prince Paris. Two black-figure vases attributed to the potter and painter Exekias feature scenes from this epic.
A pair of statues found at Merenda (ancient Myrrhinous) in Attica, buried together in ancient times and excavated in the 1970s, illustrate the differences between the cultural ideals relating to elite boys and girls in sixth-century-BCE Attica.
A ceramic centaur figurine from Lefkandi is one of the most recognizable artifacts from Early Iron Age Greece. But can it be identified as one of the earliest depictions of Chiron, the mythical teacher of heroes?
The Greek-mythology themed game Hades was fully released by Supergiant Games in September 2020, and has since been named “Game of the Year” by several gaming publications. What is it about this story of the son of Hades fighting his way out of the underworld that appealed in a year from hell?
In this second article in a series on the chronology of Early Iron Age Greece, Matthew looks at the different ways in which archaeologists and historians ascribe absolute or calendar dates to the relative chronology discussed in Part I.
Our understanding of the ancient world depends on its chronology – the order in which events happened and the time elapsed in between them. In this series of articles, Matthew will look at how the chronology of the Early Iron Age or “Dark Age” of Greece has been constructed, and new radiocarbon dates that suggest a radical revision of that chronology.